新型冠状病毒肺炎期间血透室医护人员心理健康与社会支持的相关性分析

新型冠状病毒肺炎期间血透室医护人员心理健康与社会支持的相关性分析 (2020年第32卷第四期)

樊丹丹1  付呈新1  曾英1  朱林芳1  袁怀红1  何鑫2  林小冬3  段芳4  王芳5

1.四川大学华西医院肾脏内科血透中心,四川 成都 610041;2.眉山市人民医院血透室,四川 眉山 612160;3.成都市第七人民医院血透室,四川 成都 610041;4.绵竹市人民医院血透中心,四川 绵竹 618200;5.四川省中西医结合医院血透中心,四川 成都 610041)

【摘要】  目的 调查新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)期间血透室医护人员的心理状况,并探讨其与社会支持状况的相关性。方法 采用一般资料调查问卷、突发性公共卫生事件问卷、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)对四川大学华西医院肾脏内科血透中心、眉山市人民医院血透室、成都市第七人民医院血透室、绵竹市人民医院血透中心及四川省中西医结合医院血透中心的131名医护人员心理健康与社会支持状况进行调查,并采用Pearson进行相关性分析。结果 血透室医护人员恐惧分数为(0.93±0.57)分,神经衰弱为(0.35±0.47)分、抑郁为(0.29±0.41)分、疑病为(0.18±0.36)分、强迫-焦虑为(0.14±0.27)分,均与领悟社会支持( 62.96± 11.11)分呈显著负相关(均P<0.05)结论 COVID-19期间,血透室医护人员存在不同程度的恐惧、神经衰弱、抑郁、强迫-焦虑等心理健康问题。面对严峻的疫情诊治任务,医护人员需要更多的社会支持、对突发性公共事件应急知识的培训及专业心理指导。

【关键词】  新型冠状病毒肺炎;19冠状病毒疾病;血透室医护人员;心理健康;社会支持

【中图分类号】R511;R192      【文献标志码】A 

 

 

Correlation analysis between mental health and social support of medical staff in hemodialysis room during COVID-19

FAN Dandan1,FU Chengxin1,ZENG Ying1,ZHU Linfang1,YUAN Huaihong1,HE Xin2,LiIN Xiaodong3,DUAN Fang4,WANG Fang5

(1. Hemodialysis Center of Nephrology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University , Chengdu 610041, China;2. Department of Hemodialysis, Meishan People′s Hospital, Meishan 612160, Sichuan, China;3. Department of Hemodialysis, Chengdu 7th People′s Hospital, Chengdu 610041, China;4. Hemodialysis Center, Mianzhu People′s Hospital, Mianzhu 618200,Sichuan,China;5.Hemodialysis Center, Sichuan Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Chengdu 610041, China)

Abstract】  Objective  During the period of corona virus disease-19(COVID-19), the psychological status of the medical staff in hemodialysis room was analyzed, and the correlation between the psychological status and social support status was also discussed.Methods  The mental health and social support of 131 medical staff in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Meishan People′s Hospital, Chengdu 7th People′s Hospital, Mianzhu People′s Hospital, Sichuan Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital were investigated by general data questionnaire, public health emergency questionnaire and perceived social support scale (PSSS). Pearson was used to analyze the correlation .Results  The fear score of medical staff in hemodialysis room was (0.93±0.57),the score of neurasthenia was (0.35±0.47),the depression score was (0.29±0.41),the score of suspicious disease was (0.18±0.36),the score of obsession anxiety was (0.14±0.27). There was a significant negative correlation between perceived social support score and the mental score (62.96±11.11) (P<0.05) .Conclusion  uring the COVID-19, there were different degrees of mental health problems such as fear, neurasthenia, depression, compulsion anxiety in hemodialysis room staff. As for the severe epidemic diagnosis and treatment tasks, medical staff needed more social support, training in emergency knowledge and emergency and professional psychotherapy.

Key words  COVID-19; Medical staff in hemodialysis room; Mental health; Social support

 

全文:新型冠状病毒肺炎期间血透室医护人员心理健康与社会支持的相关性分析

 

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