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民众对新型冠状病毒肺炎居家隔离防护认知及行为的调查分析
张蒙,刘争,朱红,黄浩,刘坤,王垭,高敏,张雪梅
0
(四川大学华西护理学院·华西医院老年医学中心;华西医院护理部)
摘要:
【摘要】 目的 调查民众对新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)期间居家隔离防护的认知、态度和行为情况,为针对性强化疫情防控提供科学数据依据。 方法 采用滚雪球抽样方法从2020年2月16日~2月20日,使用问卷星编制调查表,通过网络对全国29个省、市、自治区的民众就COVID-19和居家隔离的相关知识、居家隔离防护态度、行为及心理状态进行调查。〖HTH〗结果 调查回复1121人纳入研究对象。新冠肺炎的相关知识得分平均(60.59±17.79)分,不同年龄、性别、文化程度、职业的人群得分差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。有82.07%的民众了解居家隔离防护的相关知识,获得途径主要为微信(78.59%)、电视(58.07%)和网页(48.8%)。72.70%的民众希望医务工作者为其提供照护指导,形式主要为微信(73.86%)和电话指导(61.73%)。1121人心理量表得分平均(15.63±5.53)分,心理状态维持较好的有969例(86.4%),不同文化程度的人群差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。 结论 新冠肺炎疫情出现后,通过政府和社会对居家隔离防护的宣传和指导,绝大多数民众对疫情能高度关注,疾病和防护的认知度高,态度端正,对采取的防护措施能积极配合,且心理状态维持较好;但仍有少数民众还需要加强宣传教育和实施差异化、个体化指导,不留死角,促进抗击新冠肺炎的全面胜利。
关键词:  新冠肺炎  居家隔离  民众  认知  态度  疫情防控
DOI:
基金项目:四川大学华西护理学科发展专项基金
The investigation and analysis of COVID 19′s home segregation protection cognition and behavior
ZHANG Meng,LIU Zheng,ZHU Hong,HUANG Hao,LIU Kun,WANG Ya,GAO Min,ZHANG Xuemei
(West China School of Nursing·The Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics;Department of Nursing, West China Hospital, Sichuan University)
Abstract:
【Abstract】 Objective To analysis the cognition, attitude and behavior of home segregation and protection during the breakout of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China. Methods Subjects from 29 provinces were invited to participate in a questionnaire online survey (https://www.wjx.cn/) from Feb 16Feb20,2020. Results A total of 1121 subjects were included in our study. The score of knowledge about COVID19 was (60.59±17.79). There was a significant difference in scores among different age, gender, education level and occupation (P<0.05). 82.07% of the residents knew the knowledge of home isolation and protection, and the main access was WeChat (78.59%), TV (58.07%) and website (48.8%). 72.7% of the residents hope that the medical workers to provide care guidance, mainly in the form of WeChat (73.86%) and telephone (61.73%). The average score of K10 was (1563±553). There were 969 cases (86.4%) with good psychological state. The difference of different education level was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion After the outbreak of COVID-19, through the propaganda and guidance of the government and society for home quarantine, most people pay close attention to the epidemic situation, have high awareness of disease. They have a positive attitude, cooperate well with the protective measures taken by the government. Meanwhile, the residents maintain a good psychological state, but there are still a few them who have different problems. The government needs to strengthen publicity and education, and implement individualized guidance, the COVID19 could be promoted without leaving dead ends.
Key words:  COVID-19  Home segregation  Residents  Cognition  Attitude  Epidemic prevention and control

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