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火灾烟气的危害及其应急救治策略研究进展
郭海东,李宏霞
0
(公安部四川消防研究所火灾烟气毒性实验室;四川大学华西医院)
摘要:
【摘要】 火灾烟气吸入性损伤一直以来是烧伤患者或火场受困人员主要的伤亡原因,其致病机制复杂,应急救治要求高。目前,烟气吸入性损伤的救治尚未形成统一意见。因此,了解火灾烟气的危害作用和应急救治措施对于提高火灾现场及院内伤员的救治成功率将有着积极的帮助。本文将对火灾烟气的危害及其应急救治措施进行综述,以期为医护人员和消防官兵进行应急救援提供科学的指导。
关键词:  火灾烟气  中毒  窒息  吸入性损伤  应急救治
DOI:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0800605,2016YFC080060503);公安部技术研究计划项目(2017JSYJC34)
Research progress on the hazard of fire smoke and its emergency treatment strategy
GUO Haidong,LI Hongxia
(Fire Smoke Toxicity Laboratory, Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Ministry of Public Security;West China Hospital, Sichuan University)
Abstract:
【Abstract】 Fire smoke inhalation injury has always been the main cause of death of burned patients or victims trapped in the fire, its pathogenic mechanism is complicated. Higher level emergency treatment is required. There is no unified opinion on the treatment of inhalation injury of fire smoke at present. Understanding the harmful effects of fire smoke and emergency treatment measures will improve patients management at the fire scene or in hospital. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the harmful effects of fire smoke and treatment options of smoke inhalation injury based on the current literature, and also with a view to provide scientific guidance on emergency rescue for medical staff and firefighters.
Key words:  Fire smoke  Poisoning  Asphyxia  Inhalation injury  Emergency treatment

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