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特殊印刷从业人群骨密度状况调查及影响因素分析
常丹,王秀萍,李小珍,王小英,徐晓霞
0
(西安交通大学第二附属医院健康体检部)
摘要:
目的 探讨特殊印刷从业人群骨密度状况并分析其影响因素。方法 以在西安交通大学第二附属医院体检的159名某印钞厂职工为研究对象,采用调查问卷收集一般资料,Omnisense7000型定量超声骨密度检测仪测定骨密度值,两样本t检验、方差分析比较不同特征的印钞厂职工骨密度T值,有序logistic回归分析各因素对骨密度的影响。 结果 研究对象的平均骨密度(T)值为-0.65±1.10,性别、年龄、父母骨质疏松史、日晒、吸烟对骨密度(T)值有显著性影响(P<0.05)。对性别、年龄、父母骨质疏松史、日晒、吸烟等16项因素进行有序Logistic回归分析显示,性别、日晒是影响因素(P<0.05)。结论 特殊印刷从业人群的骨密度(T)值偏低,性别、日晒是其影响因素。
关键词:  骨质疏松  骨密度  影响因素
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81702130)
Investigation and influencing factor analysis of bone mineral density in special printing industry population
CHANG Dan,WANG Xiuping,LI Xiaozhen,WANG Xiaoying,XU Xiaoxia
(Department of Health Examination, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the bone mineral density (BMD) of special printing industry population and analyze its influencing factors. Methods 159 employees in a bill printing factory were enrolled in this study. The questionnaire was used to collect the general information. Omnisense7000 bone densitometry was used to obtain Tscore of BMD. Tscore of employees with different characteristics were compared using two sample t test and oneway ANOVA. The effects of investigating factors on BMD were analyzed using ordered logistic regression. Results Tscore of average BMD of 159 employees was0.65±1.10. Gender, age, parents underwent osteoporosis, insolation, and smoking affected Tscore of BMD significantly (P<0.05). The ordered Logistic regression analysis of 16 facts ( gender, age, parents underwent osteoporosis, smoking and so on) showed that gender and insolation were the influencing factors (P<0.05). Conclusion The Tscore of BMD in special printing industry population decreased which was affected by gender and insolation.
Key words:  Osteoporosis  Bone mineral density  Influencing factor

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