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非药物分娩镇痛的应用现状及研究进展
马宏伟,姚强
0
(四川大学华西第二医院产科·出生缺陷与妇儿疾病教育部重点实验室)
摘要:
【摘要】 分娩疼痛是一种内脏性疼痛,是导致围产期母婴不良妊娠结局的原因之一,其强度及镇痛措施的效果与产妇的生理因素、心理因素及社会因素相关。非药物分娩镇痛措施为产妇提供心理支持和生理调节技术以达到分娩镇痛、促进自然分娩的目的。其对产程及母婴影响小、安全性高、依从性好、经济易行,适用范围广,有利于促进产程进展,减少产科和麻醉干预措施,改善妊娠结局。本文就国内外常用的非药物分娩镇痛方法的应用现状及研究进展进行综述。
关键词:  非药物  分娩疼痛  分娩镇痛
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(81071861)、四川大学华西第二医院新芽科研基金(KX042)
Application and research progress of nonpharmacological labor analgesia
MA Hongwei,YAO Qiang
(Department of Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University),West China Second University Hospital)
Abstract:
【Abstract】 Labor Pain, a kind of visceral pain, may cause the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The pain intensity and results of measures to release the pain are associated with maternal physiological, psychological and social factors. The nonpharmacological labor analgesia relieves the labor pain and promote natural delivery by providing women with psychological supports and physiological accommodation. It is a safe, economical and compatible way to improve the pregnancy outcomes and decrease the interventions. We will review the research progress of common methods of nonpharmacological labor analgesia to facilitate the application.
Key words:  Nonpharmacological  Labor Pain  Labor Analgesia

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