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探讨孕妇钙铁锌铜摄入量对婴儿发育质量的影响
文晓芹,康欣妍,李运明,王太森,刘华君
0
(成都军区总医院儿科;成都军区总医院妇产科;成都军区总医院信息科)
摘要:
【摘要】 目的 探讨孕妇钙铁锌铜摄入量对婴儿发育质量的影响。方法 选取2016年1~7月收治的孕晚期妇女且后期纯母乳喂养160例作为调查对象,对孕妇膳食情况进行调查,对孕妇血清及婴儿静脉血钙铁锌铜含量进行测定,以分析孕妇血清钙铁锌铜含量与婴儿静脉血钙铁锌铜含量的相关性,并对静脉血清钙、铁、锌、铜浓度与婴儿出生体重之间的关系进行探讨。结果〓160例孕晚期妇女摄入的主要营养素及能量中能够达到中国营养学会推荐摄入量的只有维生素E;而蛋白质、能量、钙、铁、锌、铜的摄入量均未达标。与孕妇血清相比,婴儿静脉血清钙、铁、锌含量明显提高,而铜含量明显降低,差异均具有统计学意义(P<005);经对婴儿静脉血清钙铁锌含量与孕妇血清钙铁锌含量进行相关性分析,显示呈正相关,但在铜含量方面,两者无相关性。与 25~40kg 婴儿相比,出生体重高于40kg的婴儿静脉血清钙含量明显提高,而出生体重<25kg的婴儿静脉血清铜含量明显降低,差异均有统计学意义(P<005)。结论 孕妇的血清钙、铁、锌、铜的含量可对婴儿的发育质量产生一定影响,为促进孕妇自身的健康及婴儿的成长,孕妇在妊娠期间应加强对营养素及能量的摄入保障。
关键词:  孕妇  钙铁锌铜摄入量  纯母乳喂养  婴儿发育质量  影响
DOI:
基金项目:四川省卫计委科研课题(120566)
Investigation of the effect of calcium, iron, zinc and copper intake on the developmental quality of infants
WEN Xiaoqin,KANG Xinyan,LI Yunming,WANG Taisen,LIU Huajun
(Department of Pediatrics, Chengdu Military General Hospital;Depamtment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chengdu Military General Hospital;Department of Informcction, chengdu Military General Hospital)
Abstract:
【Abstract】 Objective To investigation the intake calcium, iron, zinc and copper of pregnant women and discuss its impact on the quality of neonatal development. Methods 160 late pregnancy women with breastfeeding as investigation object were selected in hospital from January 2016 to July 2016. The diet for the pregnant woman was investigated. The serum calcium, iron, zinc and copper of the pregnant women and infants were measured. The relationship of serum calcium, iron, zinc and copper of the pregnant women, those of infants and neonatal birth weight were analyzed. Results The intake of key nutrients and energy of the pregnancy women could achieve Chinese nutrition society of the recommended dietary intake of vitamin E, protein, energy, calcium, iron, zinc and copper. Compared with those of the pregnant women, the serum calcium, iron and zinc of the infants significantly increased and the serum of copper of the infants decreased (P<005). There was positive relationship between serum calcium, iron and zinc of the pregnant women and infants. There was no relationship between serum copper of the pregnant women and infants. The serum calcium of neonatal birth weight more than 40 kg was higher than that of neonatal birth weight between 25 and 40 kg (P<005). The serum copper of neonatal birth weight more than 40 kg was lower than that of neonatal birth weight between 25 and 40 kg (P<005).Conclusion The serum calcium, iron, zinc, copper of pregnant women can impact the growth of the infant. In order to promote women's own health and the growth of the fetus, pregnant women during pregnancy should strengthen the intake of nutrients and energy security.
Key words:  Pregnant women  Calcium and iron zinc intake  Exclusive breastfeeding  Infant developmental quality  Influences

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