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胎盘功能不良的早期判断及其与胎儿生长受限的关系
刘兴会,陈锰,史琳
0
(四川大学华西第二医院妇产科·出生缺陷与相关妇儿疾病教育部重点实验室)
摘要:
【摘要】 胎儿生长受限(fetal growth restriction,FGR)并没有统一的定义,通常指胎儿体重(estimated fetal weight,EFW)低于同孕龄胎儿体重的第10百分位数。FGR是导致围产儿死亡和新生儿严重并发症的重要原因之一。大多数的FGR是由胎盘功能不良所致,也有少部分是因为先天畸形、感染、药物滥用等。本文就胎盘功能不良的早期判断及其与FGR的关系进行评述。
关键词:  胎盘功能不良  早期判断  胎儿生长受限  临床监测  预防和处理
DOI:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划“生殖健康及重大出生缺陷防控研究”重点专项-高龄产妇妊娠期并发症防治策略研究(2016YFC1000400)
Early judgment of placental dysfunction and its relationship with fetal growth restriction
LIU Xinghui,CHEN Meng,SHI Lin
(Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Ministry of Education,Department of Obstetrics, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University)
Abstract:
【Abstract】 Fetal growth restriction (GFR) is not uniformly defined. It usually means the estimated fetal weight(EFW) is lower than the 10th percentile of fetal weight at the same gestational age. FGR is one of the important causes of perinatal death and severe neonatal complications. Most of FGR is caused by malfunction of the placenta, and a few are due to congenital malformation, infection, drug abuse and so on. This review will discuss the early judgment of placental dysfunction and ifs relationship with FGR.
Key words:  Placental dysfunction  Early judgment  Fetal growth restriction  Clinical monitoring  Prevention and treatment

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